Volkswagen AG introduces another high-tech innovation, the all-wheel compatible Electronic Stabilisation Program (ESP). ESP detects critical situations to stop skidding before it begins. ESP predicts what the car is about to do through the use of sensors on the wheels and the moment the car starts to slip, the ESP takes over by; 1) Applying the brakes to one or more wheels and 2) if necessary, reducing the engine power. ESP has been a standard feature of most models since 1999. The latest generation of ESP offer trailer stabilisation - which detects if the trailer is starting to yaw.