An annual bonus of up to 120 DM is introduced for the employees of Volkswagenwerk GmbH to mark the occasion of the 100,000th Volkswagen manufactured since the end of the war. In 1954, bonuses are raised to 4% of gross income. In addition to the bonuses the workforce shares in the company's economic success, earning high salaries and receiving a package of voluntary benefits which, given the good general economic conditions of the 1950s, leads to a cooperative working relationship. The sharing possibilities are immense; Works Council and management worked together in an attempt to keep employee turnover low in order to solve the chronic shortage of skilled workers. A generous pay and benefits system helps to create a stable workforce which considers itself part of the Volkswagen family. With its own in-house wage agreement, Volkswagen is ranked at the top of the German automobile industry and serves as a trendsetter for other industries. Volkswagen's so-called "high wage policy" allowing employees to share in the company's success is criticised by employer's federations as well as by the federal government.