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Electric mobility is going to have a lasting impact on how we refuel our vehicles. Now, you no longer need to drive to a petrol station. You can charge the battery in your electric car almost anywhere: at home from a domestic/Schuko socket, from a Wallbox, at public charging points or rapid charging stations. Once you’ve tried it, you’ll soon find that it is almost as easy as charging your smartphone.
A Wallbox is a high-power socket that is mounted on the wall for use at home. This is an optional extra and currently supplies you with a maximum charging output of 11 kW. If you charge your electric car at an optional Wallbox, you simply need to connect the charging cable’s plug to the socket on your vehicle and it will start to charge.
The plug goes in, energy comes out.
It is equally convenient to charge at charging stations at work or when you’re out at the shops. These usually have a tethered charging cable. But if there isn’t one provided, you can simply use the charging cable supplied with your vehicle, which can be easily kept in the boot.
Charging is essentially divided into two types. With AC charging, the on-board AC/DC charger converts the power from the public AC grid into the required direct current.
With the second type of charging – DC charging – the alternating current is converted into direct current before it reaches the vehicle – for example in the charging station. The advantage of this is that it enables a higher output during charging – for example on the motorway – and this automatically reduces the time needed to charge.
Plug in, charge up, unlock, then disconnect – it’s as easy as that to charge your electric car. In recent years, two types of charging connectors have become established as the standard in Europe.
The Mennekes connector (Type 2) is for slow charging and meets the European standard for AC charging. Most public charging stations have at least a Type 2 socket.
In Europe, CCS charging (Combined Charging System) is the standard for rapid charging. The relevant charging connector features additional contacts for DC rapid charging if needed. The Combo 2 connector type allows you to charge at all public charging stations with a DC charging output of 22 kW or more.
The simple rule of thumb says: the higher the charging output, the quicker the charging process. However, the charging time can vary significantly depending on the battery charge state, how much charge is in the battery and how much power the vehicle can accept. When recharging the battery conditions such as ambient temperature or the temperature of the battery in the vehicle also have an impact on the charging process. For example, if you charge your ID.3 at a domestic/Schuko socket, you can cover your daily needs with a convenient overnight charge at 2 kW per hour. It is quicker to charge from a wall-box or AC charging station, but the fastest way to charge is to use High Power Charging (HPC) stations with a charging output of 100 kW or more.
The fastest way to charge is to use High Power Charging (HPC) stations with a charging output of 100 kW or more. In general, we recommend that you do not charge your electric car fully every day. This protects the battery.