Your tyres are one of the most vital parts of your Volkswagen. Here you’ll find all the information you need to understand yours better.
EU tyre labels
The easy way to find out what properties a tyre has
The EU tyre label has been mandatory for all new tyres since 2012. Since May 1st 2021, the label has a new design and contains even more tyre-related information – for vehicles with combustion engines and for electric cars.
At the very top of the label, you’ll find information on your tyre, such as the supplier, tyre type identification, tyre size and tyre class.
The lower the resistance your tyres have to overcome when they’re in action, the lower the amount of energy your Volkswagen needs. With a petrol or diesel vehicle, this will also help you save a few grams of CO2. Between class A and E at 1,000 km, the difference in fuel consumption may be up to 5.1 L.
The more efficient the wet grip of your tyres, the shorter the braking distance on wet surfaces. Even at just 80 km/h, braking distance increases from one class to the next by 3 to 6 m.
External rolling noise
Quiet tyres are more pleasant for you and the environment. As little as 10 dB extra are perceived as twice as loud. You can tell how loud or quiet a tyre is by its class, with A being the quietest and C the loudest.
- Class A:
The external rolling noise is even below the EU limits that have been in force since 2016 by more than 3 dB.
- Class B:
The external rolling noise complies with the EU limits in force since 2016 or is up to 3 dB lower.
- Class C:
The external rolling noise complies with the EU limits in force since 2016.
Ice and snow grip
The lower section of the label provides information on your tyre’s snow or ice grip, for example the 3PMSF symbol – the abbreviation stands for “Three Peak Mountain Snow Flake”. The corresponding symbols are only displayed if your tyre meets the requirements.
Do you want to know more?
Scan the QR code on the EU tyre label and receive additional information on your tyre, such as energy labels or product information sheets.
The numbers on the side of your tyres tell you a lot about them. Discover what they mean.
In our example, we’re using a tyre with the following numbers:
225 / 45 R 17 94 W – Explained
225 – tyre width
The first three digits tell you the width of the tyre in millimetres. In this case, the tyre is 225mm wide.
45 – the height to width ratio
Sometimes called the aspect ratio, this number is the profile height of the tyre’s sidewall expressed as a percentage. Here the tyre’s sidewall is 45% of its width, which is around 101mm.
R – tyre design type
The R tells you that this is a radial tyre, the most common design found in modern tyres. Radial tyres are constructed with the cord piles positioned at a 90-degree angle to the direction of travel to give the tyre extra strength. There are two other design types.
D (diagonal tyre) – The cords run diagonally. D tyres must never be used alongside R tyres.
RF (Run-Flat tyres) – These tyres are built with a reinforced sidewall that allows you to travel at reduced speed in the event of a puncture.
94 – load index
The load index tells you how much weight your tyres can carry. The load index runs from 65 to 124 with a higher number denoting a greater weight capacity. A load index of 94 means you can carry up to 670kg per tyre. This capacity may decrease at high speeds.
W – speed index
Graded in ascending order from L to Y, the speed index tells you the maximum speed your tyres can tolerate. W means the maximum speed is 168mph.
Date of manufacture
At least one of your tyres’ sidewalls will have an additional four-digit number printed on it. Known as the DOT (Department of Transport) number, the first two digits tell you which calendar week the tyre was made in and the last two the year.
What makes a tyre?
Every tyre is made up of a contact surface and substructure. They feature the following parts:
- Tread – the grooves on the outside of the tyre that grip it to the road.
- Jointless bandage – a feature that prevents your tyres from deforming at higher speeds.
- Steel cord belt layers – these maximise driving stability and rolling resistance.
- Textile cord insert – when the pressure of the tyre’s interior is high, the cord insert maintains its shape.
- Inner liner – keeps the tyre airtight.
- Sidewall – made from rubber, the sidewall helps prevent external damage and increases stability.
- Apex – the apex gives an extra layer of stability and improves steering.
- Steel core – this keeps the tyre sitting firmly on the wheel rim.
- Tyre bead reinforcement – made from strong, heat-resistant fibres, the bead reinforcement enhances stability and provides extra steering precision.