New standards for consumption values

WLTP sky banner

Models with derivatives type approved under WLTP.

Models not shown above do not yet have any derivatives type approved under WLTP.

Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions figures are obtained under standardised EU test conditions (or, in cases of vehicles with WLTP type approval, are the NEDC figures provided pursuant to Government guidance until further notice). These figures facilitate direct comparison between different models from different manufacturers, but may not represent the actual fuel consumption achieved in 'real world' driving conditions. Choice of wheels and other options may affect fuel consumption and emissions data.

WLTP revises consumption values.

New consumption values apply as of September 2017. These will be calculated using the new WLTP standard. WLTP stands for Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedure. This is a worldwide standardised testing procedure for estimating fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. Find out what this means for you and your Volkswagen.

WLTP Explained video

Why are you quoting the old (NEDC) figures for fuel consumption and emissions, instead of the new (WLTP) figures?

NEDC CO2 and MPG values are obtained when vehicles are Type Approved using the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) test. In the UK, NEDC values have been used for taxation and registration documentation for many years. This has been the basis for the official CO2 and fuel consumption values for vehicles homologated through the test cycle.

From September 2017 (1 year delay for Light Commercial Vehicles), the old NEDC test will gradually be replaced by the new WLTP test. Due to the change in testing parameters, the CO2 and MPG values obtained under WLTP may be higher than those obtained under NEDC testing.

We currently anticipate that taxation, registration and fleet emission targets may continue to based on NEDC values until 2020/2021. Until that changes, and as there will be a mix of NEDC type approved and WLTP type approved vehicles in the market, consumers need a method facilitating direct comparison between different models and different manufacturers. In line with Government guidance, NEDC figures will therefore continue to be stated, even for WLTP type approved vehicles and, where necessary, these figures will be derived from the WLTP data using an industry standard conversion procedure developed by the European Union, CO2MPAS. These derived values are known by various terms: "NEDC derived", "NEDC equivalent" or "NEDC correlated".

Both the "NEDC derived" and WLTP values will be shown on the Certificate of Conformity, however it is the "NEDC derived " figures that are the values which will be used in registration and taxation documentation and stated in promotional literature, until further notice from the UK authorities.

Please note that fuel consumption and efficiency figures are provided for comparative purposes only and may not reflect 'real world' driving results. Choice of wheels and other options may also affect fuel consumption and emissions data.

A new testing process - thanks to WLTP.

WLTP reforms vehicle manufacturers’ measuring and testing processes. An overview of the new procedure.

What is WLTP?

Anyone wanting to buy a car may want to check the consumption and CO2 emission values. Read and find out how these are calculated using a new testing procedure in future.

What is WLTP logo
Learn more

How much fuel does a vehicle consume? Like other manufacturers, Volkswagen now aims to answer this question more precisely with the new and standardised WLTP driving cycle. The new test cycle for measuring fuel consumption is perceived to be more closely oriented on everyday driving behaviour. As of September 2017, it has replaced the current NEDC standard.

WLTP stands for Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedure. This worldwide harmonised testing procedure for light-duty vehicles describes a new testing method to estimate a vehicle’s fuel consumption. This procedure is based on real recorded driving data. In future it will help to simulate realistic driving even under laboratory conditions. That is why WLTP not only takes into consideration various situations and speeds but also a vehicle’s different equipment variants and weight classes.

Good reasons for WLTP.

Using real driving data collected worldwide, WLTP aims to deliver more realistic consumption values. Read and find out what changes with the introduction of the new testing procedure.

Good reasons for WLTP image
Learn more

The consumption of a vehicle will differ from the manufacturers specifications. That is why the reliability of the results measured using the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) has often been criticised. This is due to the fact that real consumption is highly dependent on individual driving behaviour and the vehicle’s equipment. One example is whether a vehicle is primarily used in the inner city, on rural roads or the highway. To address these differences, the theoretical framework of the NEDC has been revised to reflect a more dynamic driving profile. Drawing on statistical surveys and the analysis of average user profiles, this profile features higher acceleration, a higher average speed and a higher maximum speed. Instead of combining simulated urban and extra-urban driving, the vehicle is now tested in four different speed ranges.

The exhaust and consumption values measured as per WLTP must be specified for all new models launched as of 1st September 2017. This applies in Europe and many other countries worldwide.


In Autumn 2017, WLTP replaced the NEDC measuring procedure. New test parameters target more realistic values. Read and find out exactly how the procedures differ.

Learn More

NEDC and WLTP diagram

NEDC VS. WLTP: a comparison.

Longer distances, shorter idle times: WLTP puts the testing procedure for a vehicle’s measuring fuel consumption and CO2 emissions to the test. This is how the driving cycles differ.

An overview of NEDC.

The standardised NEDC applies for all passenger vehicles and light commercial vehicles. It was introduced by the European Union in 1992 in order to provide comparable values for fuel consumption.

More details of NEDC

- The temperature in the testing chamber is 20-30°C.
- The distance is 11 km.
- The cycle takes 20 minutes.
- The cycle consists of two phases: 13 minutes of simulated urban and 7 minutes of simulated extra-urban driving.
- The average speed is approximately 33 km/h.
- The idle proportion is 25%.
- The maximum speed is 120 km/h.
- The shift points for models with a manual transmission are precisely defined.
- Optional extras and air conditioning are not considered.

An overview of WLTP.

The Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedure or WLTP is a worldwide standard for testing passenger vehicles and light commercial vehicles. As of 1st September 2017, it aims to provide more realistic consumption specifications with its considerably more dynamic testing parameters.

Goals of the new measurement procedure.

The WLTP driving cycle redefines the testing parameters for determining fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. The changes at a glance:

City scape

Improved Transparency.

New testing procedures will to better assess a vehicle’s actual day-to-day fuel consumption.

WLTP utilises a profile deemed to be more similar to actual day-to-day usage than the previous NEDC standard. This approach is similar to a synthetic laboratory test and primarily serves to enable comparisons between different vehicles without realistically reflecting the actual consumption. Whereas the consumption values were previously measured under abstract laboratory conditions, the new procedure now aims to offer a more precise prognosis of the vehicle’s actual consumption thanks to improved test parameters. WLTP aims to simulate realistic vehicle behaviour in order to achieve far more realistic results.


The new WLTP standard ensures comparable test results worldwide.

One of the primary objectives of the WLTP approach is to provide a standardised means of determining exhaust emissions and energy consumption for different engine systems such as petrol, diesel, CNG and electricity. Vehicles of the same type must deliver the same test results everywhere in the world when the WLTP measurement procedure is followed correctly. This necessary comparability is also why laboratory measurement is essential.
For this reason, the fuel consumption and emissions are analysed on the roller dynamometer with a dynamic driving profile.


WLTP world map
WTLP climate protection green image

Climate protection.

The new consumption information aims to help achieve international climate targets and reduce the burden on the environment.

CO2 reduction is a key aspect of vehicle development. WLTP enables the compliance with international CO2 limits to be checked and documented.

In 2010, the EU alone produced 4.72 billion tons of CO2 emissions. 19% was produced by motor vehicles*. In view of this, the European Union intends to reduce emissions by 20% by 2020**. The Euroean Union hopes that this goal will be achieved with the help of WLTP. Just like fuel consumption, the CO2 emissions of a vehicle depend on the specific model. WLTP creates greater transparency when comparing the energy consumption and CO2 emissions of different vehicles. This makes the measurements independent of the manufacturer and vehicle type. They also tend to be higher than the NEDC cycle. As a consequence, individual models and their engines will be further engineered with a view toward climate protection.

*) The information is based on the paper “Mobility of the Future – Safe and Tested”, 16.03.2015, TÜV e.V.
**) The information is based on the paper “CO2 regulation for passenger vehicles” published by the German Economic Institute of Cologne in 2013.



Questions and answers
What is a driving cycle?

A driving cycle defines the requirements and conditions for measuring a vehicle’s fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. The goal is to simulate a realistic, average journey with the vehicle. The driving cycle specifies certain conditions such as the starting temperature, speed and measurement duration to ensure that the manufacturers can provide comparable values when registering and selling a vehicle.

What is the NEDC?

The New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) was introduced by the European Union on 01.07.1992. It was intended to guarantee a standardised means for better comparability between vehicle-specific consumption. However, it does not claim to reflect the actual day-to-day consumption.

What is the WLTP?

The Worldwide Harmonized Light-Duty Vehicles Test Procedure or WLTP was introduced in September 2017.The WLTP aims to utilise a profile more similar to actual daily driving behaviour than the previous NEDC standard. The new procedure is intended to provide a more realistic representation of a vehicle’s consumption. This is based on a modified test cycle with stricter test specifications.

What is the difference between NEDC and WLTP?

The NEDC testing cycle introduced by the European Union in 1992 is outdated and cannot accurately represent individual, day-to-day driving behaviour. In contrast, the new WLTP standard aims to ensure that the consumption values measured during a model’s type approval testing are more realistic.That is why both the procedure and the driving cycle differ from the NEDC standard.

For example, the redefined test parameters include a longer testing distance, longer driving times, shorter idle times and higher average speeds. They also take into consideration optional extras. These new parameters generally result in higher consumption specifications.

When will WLTP come into force?

The new WLTP cycle became mandatory on 01.09.2017. As of September 2017, all new passenger cars and engines introduced by vehicle manufacturers must be specified using WLTP fuel consumption and CO2 emission figures. As of 01.09.2018, all new passenger cars will require consumption and exhaust specifications as per WLTP.

What does WLTP mean for me?

The new WLTP testing regime is still a laboratory-based standardised test but it seeks to provide more realistic testing conditions and a more accurate basis for assessing a vehicle model's fuel consumption and emissions figures. In essence, the aim is to ensure that test conditions better reflect real world driving.

CO2 emissions and/or fuel consumption figures for vehicles (if tested under WLTP) may increase compared to those NEDC figures that are available now. Therefore, the rate of Vehicle Excise Duty which applies to the vehicle may increase as a result of any increase in the official CO2 figure.

Will the model portfolios of Volkswagen change?

No. At present no changes to the model portfolio are planned, however certain engine and gearbox combinations will change. Individual models and their engines will have to be further engineered in order to achieve even higher efficiency and reduce emissions as per the regulations. However, models will not be discontinued as a result of WLTP.

Are there other procedures?

Yes, there are. The driving cycles for exhaust and consumption measurement developed in Japan (JC 08) and the USA (FTP 75) are more closely oriented on specific situations on the country’s roads. For example, Japan’s driving cycle includes numerous stop-and-go phases and is carried out twice, once as a cold start and once as a warm start.

Does WLTP also apply to electric vehicles?

Yes, electric vehicles must also be tested according to the new WLTP rules.

What is EU6?

The values determined according to WLTP will more realistically portray fuel consumption and CO2 and exhaust emissions. This can result in higher fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for vehicles with combustion engines being indicated as well as a smaller range of electric vehicles. Individual choice with regard to engines and optional equipment likewise has an effect on the fuel consumption and CO2 values. Depending on national legislation, this can also mean higher CO2 taxes.

The RDE test procedures on the other hand show how the vehicles perform in terms of exhaust gases in actual road traffic. The results from individual RDE drives can be viewed under the following link: https://erwin.volkswagen.de/

How does VW put the WLTP guidelines into practice?

All Volkswagen models will gradually change over to the WLTP test procedures by September 2018.

When are the changes happening and how does it impact on taxation?

As Volkswagen progresses with the WLTP transition, the following type approval timings will apply:

Passenger vehicles (M type and Category N1 (i)):
•    From September 2017, all new model introductions will be subject to WLTP type approval and Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing

•    From September 2018, all new vehicles produced will have received type approval under WLTP

•    From September 2019, all new vehicles produced will be subject to RDE testing

Light Commercial Vehicles (Categories N1 (ii), N1 (iii) and N2):
•    From September 2018, all new light commercial vehicle model introductions will be subject to WLTP type approval and Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing

•    From September 2019, all new sales of Light Commercial Vehicles will have received type approval under WLTP and all new registrations will be subject to RDE testing

NEDC will continue to be used for the official emissions (CO2) and fuel consumption (MPG) values.  As and when WLTP figures become available for new model introductions, these will be the figures shown on the vehicle's Certificate of Conformity (CoC). It is worth noting that the NEDC CO2 values will be used for taxation for the tax years 2017/2018; 2018/2019 and 2019/2020. It is only for new cars registered after April 2020, that the WLTP values will be used for taxation purposes.

What is RDE?

Real Driving Emissions (RDE):
Although WLTP will deliver real improvements to the testing regime, it is still a laboratory test and cannot take into account driver style, traffic conditions, weather, gradients or load of the car into its calculation. All of these factors have an impact on the consumption and emissions performance of the vehicle. The RDE test will support in providing customers with this insight.

The RDE test is carried out by fitting Portable Emissions Measuring (PEMS) equipment to the car to record exhaust emissions. The test follows a standardised set of parameters, including:

• low and high altitudes
• year-round temperatures
• additional vehicle payload
• up- and down-hill driving
• urban roads (low speed)
• rural roads (medium speed)
• motorways (high speed)

The results of the RDE test will be used to validate the emissions and consumption values identified as part of the WLTP testing process.


How can consumers compare official figures between NEDC and WLTP tested cars during the transition?

The CO2 emissions and fuel consumption figures resulting from the WLTP will be converted back to "NEDC equivalent" figures (also known as "NEDC derived" or "NEDC correlated") using a conversion tool. This tool was created by the European Commission to allow consumers to more easily compare vehicles during the transition. The NEDC equivalent CO2 figures will be the official figures shown in vehicle registration and taxation documentation, until 5th April 2020.

What does this mean for my vehicle order?

All new vehicles produced after 1st September 2018 must be tested under WLTP. As the transition to WLTP applies to all manufacturers and there is limited availability and capacity for testing facilities, it's possible that customers will experience extended lead times for their vehicle orders.